President Benigno Aquino III has declared March 22, 2012 a special non-working holiday in the province of Cavite. The province will mark General Emilio Aguinaldo’s 143rd birth anniversary on the same day.
The President made the declaration via Proclamation 351, signed by Executive Secretary Paquito Ochoa Jr last March 8. It aims to give the people of Cavite the “full opportunity to celebrate and participate in the occasion with appropriate ceremonies.” The day falls on a Thursday. Read the full text of the proclamations here.
Aguinaldo, who served as the Philippine’s first official president, was born to Trinidad Famy and Carlos Aguinaldo on March 22, 1869, which means he was only 27 when the revolution broke out in 1896. He holds the record of being the country’s youngest and longest-lived president. Under Article 7, section 2 of the 1987 Constitution, all presidential candidates must be at least 40 years old, effectively making it impossible for anyone to duplicate General Miong’s feat.
The Department of Labor and Employment require employers to give their employees who report for work during special non-working days an additional 30% to their regular pay for the first eight hours of service provided. They are entitled to get another 30% premium if they work beyond eight hours on the said days.
Meanwhile, employees who choose to use the holiday are won’t be paid, “unless there is a favorable company policy, practice or collective bargaining agreement (CBA) granting payment of wages on special days even if unworked.” This is usually dependent on a worker’s employment status (e.g. permanent/regular/tenured employees are typically paid on these days while those whose who are still labeled as casual/probationary workers are not).