FALL OF BATAAN| April 9 2016 – Araw ng Kagitingan holiday

74th araw ng kagitingan
The theme for Araw ng Kagitingan 2016 is "Isabuhay ang Kagitingan, Kapayapaan ay Pagkaisahan, Kamtan ang Mithing Kaunlaran."

The country will be observing the 74th anniversary of the Fall of Bataan this coming April 9, Saturday. The day, known locally as “Araw ng Kagitingan” (Day of Valor) is a legal holiday nationwide as stipulated in Republic Act 3022 which President Carlos P. Garcia signed in 1961. Read the full text of RA 3022 in this link.

According to the Department of National Defense and the Philippine Veterans Affairs Office, the theme for this year’s commemoration is “Isabuhay ang Kagitingan, Kapayapaan ay Pagkaisahan, Kamtan ang Mithing Kaunlaran.” The Araw ng Kagitingan is the highlight of the Philippine Veterans Week, which is from April 5 to 11.

RA 3022 calls on all Filipinos particularly their public officials to observe a one-minute silence at 4:30 o’clock in the afternoon of April 9 and to hold appropriate rites in honor of the veterans of the Fall of Bataan in particular and World War II in general.

74th araw ng kagitingan
The theme for Araw ng Kagitingan 2016 is “Isabuhay ang Kagitingan, Kapayapaan ay Pagkaisahan, Kamtan ang Mithing Kaunlaran.”

The Fall of Bataan happened in April 9, 1942, when Filipino and American fighters isolated for months in Bataan surrendered to the Japanese Imperial Army under General Masaharu Homma.

This came after Major General Edward P. King of the United States Armed Forces in the Far East (USAFFE) came to the conclusion that further attempts to stop the Japanese from advancing will be useless. Most of the survivors of the Japanese offensive were then forced to  march from Mariveles, Bataan all the way to San Fernando, Pampanga before traveling via bpx train to Camp O’Donnell in Tarlac.

Addendum: In contemporary times, the expression “isinuko ang Bataan,” obviously derived from the historic events of 1942, has gained sexual connotation. How an event marking the surrender of Filipino and American World War II combatants also mean giving up one’s virginity is just odd.

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About Mark Madrona 1191 Articles
Mark Madrona is a prize-winning blogger, online journalist, and educator from the Philippines. Previously a book editor, he is now teaching communication subjects for two public universities in Manila. His blog The Filipino Scribe won 3rd place in a blog competition organized by the Affiliated Network for Social Accountability in East Asia and the Pacific (ANSA-EAP). In 2015, it was one of the finalists in the 2015 Lasallian Scholarum Awards for Best Online Feature Article in Youth and Education. He also won the Best Blog Award during the 2011 Population and Development Media Awards, the youngest recipient of that recognition. Know more about him here: http://www.filipinoscribe.com/about/.

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