May 1, 2012 Philippine Labor Day Holiday pay rules
The Philippines will be marking its annual Labor Day celebration this coming May 1, which falls on a Tuesday. Some are asking if President Benigno Aquino III will move this holiday to April 30 to create another three-day weekend for Filipino workers, and so far, no announcement has been made (check this site for future updates).
May 1 is listed officially as a regular holiday throughout the country this 2012 by virtue of Aquino’s Proclamation 295. Read the full text of Proclamation 295 in this link. According to the Department of Labor and Employment (DOLE), an employee who opts to not report for work on May 1 will still get 100% of his/her regular pay for that day. Meanwhile, those who will do otherwise stand to get twice their regular pay for the said day (or double pay).
Working beyond eight hours on May 1 would mean an additional payment of 30% of one’s holiday rate for every additional hour. See the complete list of DOLE holiday pay guidelines here. If employees who have Tuesdays as their rest day come to work on May 1, they will get plus 30% of their regular holiday rate.
]The country had its Labor Day celebration in May 1, 1903. On that day, about 100,000 Filipino workers led by Union Obrera Democratica de Filipinas, the first labor union in Philippine history, marched from Plaza Moriones in Tondo to Malacañang, where William Howard Taft, the American civil governor at that time, was residing. Dominador Gomez, the president of Union Obrera, was later arrested for charges of illegal association and sedition.
Be present in the work day before a holiday
As mentioned in DOLE’s Handbook on Worker’s Statutory Monetary Benefits (released in 2010), an employee is entitled to a holiday premium only when “he/she is present or is on leave of absence with pay on the work day immediately preceding the holiday.” Download the 2010 handbook in this link.