December 30 2013 Rizal Day holiday

The Philippines will be commemorating the 117th anniversary of national hero Dr. Jose Rizal’s martyrdom this December 30. The day is a national holiday as indicated in President Benigno Aquino III’s Proclamation 459, which he signed last year. Read The Filipino Scribe‘s report about Proclamation 459 here.

Rizal Day falls on Monday, which means there will be a rare five-day weekend as 2013 comes to an end. Notice the following:

December 28 and 29 2013 – Saturday and Sunday, respectively

December 30 2013 – Rizal Day

December 31 2013 – Special non-working day (last day of the year)

January 1 2014 – New Year’s Day

Jose Rizal, the national hero of the Philippin...
Jose Rizal, 1861-1896 (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

Rizal’s elevation as the country’s national hero has been the subject of intense debates for several decades now. In his controversial essay “Veneration without Understanding,” historian Renato Constantino argued that Rizal cannot be the country’s national hero since it has been the the practice elsewhere in the world that whoever leads the struggle for independence becomes “the principal hero of his people.”

He also repeated the argument that it is the Americans who were responsible for the selection of Rizal for the said honor, disregarding the fact that Filipinos have begun commemorating his martyrdom even before he was officially pronounced as a national hero.

Journalist Armando Malay wrote a rebuttal titled “Veneration with Understanding” to Constantino’s work, proclaiming: “A man becomes a hero, or a national hero, not because he leads a revolution – but because he is admired for his achievements and noble qualities, and considered a model or ideal.” Read more on that in this link.

PS: This year also marks the centennial anniversary of the Rizal Monument in Manila. Created by Swiss sculptor Richard Kissling, the monument was first opened to the public on December 30, 1913 – Rizal’s 17th death anniversary. Visit this link for more information. Thanks for one of our readers for pointing this out.


About Author



Mark Pere Madrona

The Filipino Scribe (TFS) is managed by Mark Pere Madrona, a multi-awarded writer and licensed professional teacher from the Philippines. Mr. Madrona earned his master’s degree in history from the University of the Philippines-Diliman last 2020. He obtained his bachelor’s degree in journalism cum laude from the same university back in 2010. His area of interests includes Philippine journalism, history, and politics as well as social media. Know more about him here:

6 thoughts on “December 30 2013 Rizal Day holiday

  1. On this coming Rizal Day rites, the monument of Rizal in Luneta will be 100 years old. The Kissling sculpture was unveiled to the public in 1913, so jist to let you know.

  2. Alam kong maraming forums ang nagdedebate about sa pagiging National Hero ni Dr. Jose Rizal but still, I know that Rizal is a hero in our hearts and minds. That’s why we should still be proud to Dr. Jose Rizal kasi isa siyang Filipino like us 🙂 And I’m proud to be a Filipino.

    Javier, Leobet O.
    Holy Angel University

  3. I never liked President Benigno Aquino as the leader of the Philippines but what he did now makes me like him a bit.I Always believe that its better to commemorate someone on his birth than on his death.For me,birth means hope while death mean an end. No matter how long may passed,we should always remember Rizal w/ love,just like how died for the love of our country. The past had always to do with the present.Their are things that we must always be thankful for.Without Rizal’s existence in the past,our sun today will become omnimous that will never shine upon us.

    BM 334/ CBA/ RIZAL

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