Eid’l Fitr – August 20 2012

Malacanang has declared August 20, which falls on a Monday, a national holiday in connection with Eid’l  Fitr, which marks the end of Ramadhan, the Islamic holy month of fasting. The National Commission on Muslim Filipinos (NCMF) had announced the start of Ramadhan last July 21. President Benigno Aquino III made the announcement through Proclamation 455, which you can read in full here.

The NCMF had previously noted in their website that the end of Ramadhan Fasting and observance of Eid’l Fitr will only be determined after the moon-sighting activity that will be done on the 29th day of Ramadhan, which will be on August 17, a Friday.

Muslims determine these dates by closely monitoring the different phases of the moon. The NCMF (formerly the Office of Muslim Affairs) has also released the schedule for fasting and praying for Muslims in Metro Manila. It can be accessed in this link.

Eid’l Fitr became a national holiday by virtue of Republic Act 9177, signed by then-President Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo in July 2002. The law states that the exact date for this holiday should be determined by the NCMF “in accordance with the Islamic calendar (Hijra) or the lunar calendar, or upon Islamic astronomical calculations, whichever is possible or convenient.”

RA 9177 is one of the references used in crafting Proclamation 295, which listed all national holidays for the entire 2012. The full text of RA 9177 can be read here.

According to rules implemented by the Department of Labor and Employment, employees who report for work during regular holidays like this one will get twice their normal hourly rate (colloquially referred to as “double pay”). Those who choose to stay at home during the holiday are still entitled to get their regular daily pay in full. The rule is the same for regular and contractual employees alike. Read the complete DOLE holiday pay rules in this link.

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