The nation will be commemorating the 143rd birth anniversary of the late former President Sergio Osmeña Sr. this coming September 9, Thursday.
September 9 is a special non-working holiday in the province of Cebu including all its component cities as mandated by Republic Act (RA) 6953. It is a special working holiday in the rest of the Philippines. RA 6953 was enacted in May 1990 during the time of then-President Corazon Aquino. Click here to read the full text of RA 6953.
Osmeña served as governor, House Speaker, and senator prior to being elected Vice President in 1935 as the running-mate of Manuel Quezon. He went on to become president in 1944 when Quezon died of tuberculosis. His tenure ended in 1946 following his loss to Manuel Roxas in that year’s presidential elections.
Osmeña, Roxas, and Carlos P. Garcia were the only presidents who came from Visayas. Osmeña is also the first of four vice presidents to succeed a president. The second one was Elpidio Quirino, who took over after Roxas died of heart attack in 1948. Then there’s Carlos P. Garcia who became president after Ramon Magsaysay was killed during a plane crash in 1957.
The most recent one happened in 2001 after Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo was sworn in as president when the Supreme Court decided that Joseph Estrada can no longer govern the country in the face of massive protests demanding his resignation.
According to the 2020 DOLE handbook on workers statutory monetary benefits, the “no work, no pay” principle applies during special non-working holidays. Meaning, workers who are not required or permitted to work on special non-working days are not entitled to any compensation unless there is a collective bargaining agreement or a company policy that provides for that.
The handbook likewise highlighted that employees who work during special non-working days are entitled to receive an additional pay of 30% for every hour that they render service.